Parametric Urban Design and Analysis
Cities are complex human made objects. They consist of thousands of elements and need to satisfy numerous human needs. The definition of urban form (street network, plots, buildings) is a crucial step in the planning of cities because it has the longest lasting effect on their social, economic and ecological performance. Thus, this step needs to be undertaken with greatest care. In this course we will deal with computational methods to support this process. Firstly, you will learn to create parametric models, that allow to quickly generate a large amount of design variants. Secondly, you will get introduced to spatial analysis methods (density, visibility and accessibility) in order to identify different (human centered) qualities of the generated urban forms.
The theories and methods you learn in this class provide the basic theoretical and technological framework for integrated urban development and design, which we will further deepen in the study project in the next semester.
The knowledge provided through online seminars will be deepened in consultations and documented in several exercises.
No prior technical knowledge is required.
- Lectures 45
- Quizzes 0
- Duration 50 hours
- Skill level All levels
- Language English
- Students 129
- Assessments Yes
Introduction to the course
Design and its computational representation
In this module we are dealing with the process of designing and how this process can be represented computationally.
Design Models - From 2D Drawing to Parametric Modeling
Here you will learn the principles of parametric modeling.
Parametric Urban Modeling - Streets
Here you apply the principles of parametric design on the generation of urban morphology (streets, plots, buildings).
Parametric Urban Modeling - Plots Parcellation
Parametric Urban Modeling - Building Typologies
Computational Urban Analysis
In this section you will learn at the basics of Computational Design Analysis.
Computational Urban Analysis - Density
In this module you will learn the basics for calculating urban density.
Computational Urban Analysis - Visibility Analysis
In this module you will learn the basics for calculating what one can see of an urban environment.
- Visibility I – Vision & Environment
- Submission – Vision & Environment Example
- Results – Vision & Environment
- Visibility II.1 – Isovist
- Visibility II.2 – Object Visibility
- Visibility II.3 – Isovist Properties
- Visibility II.4 – Isovist Path
- Visibility II.5 – Isovist Field
- Task: Analyse visual properties of your designed urban quarter
- Submission – Visibility Analysis
- Excursus – Capturing the 3rd dimension
- Further Readings on Visibility
Computational Urban Analysis - Spatial Relationships
In this module you will learn the basics for calculating how spaces relate to each other.
- Spatial Relations I – Graph based representations of the environment
- Spatial Relations II – Convex Maps
- Spatial Relations III – Axial Maps & Segment Maps
- Tutorial – Street Network Analysis
- Tutorial – Selecting single street segments
- Tutorial – Preparing Street Network Geometry
- Task – Street Network Analysis
- Submission – Street Network Analysis
Design Space Exploration